GRIPS’ View of Cheating and Plagiarism
Cheating and plagiarism are serious offenses. They directly affect the morale of the student body and lower the reputation of the university. Cheating and plagiarism, therefore, will not be tolerated and will result in serious penalties, including suspension or expulsion from the university.
Definition of Cheating
Cheating is behaving in a fraudulent way in university coursework and examinations. Cheating includes passing off work done by someone else as one’s own work, or otherwise trying to gain an unfair advantage. Examples of cheating include, but are not limited to
- impersonating someone else in a test or examination;
- copying from another student during a test or examination;
- referring to notebooks, papers, or any other materials during a closed-book exam;
- submitting work for which credit has already been received in another course without the express consent of the instructor;
- helping others to cheat in these ways; and
- falsifying data. This means manipulating research materials or processes, or changing or omitting data or results, such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is the copying of ideas, wording, or anything else from another source without appropriate reference or acknowledgement so that it appears to be one’s own work. This includes published and unpublished work, the Internet, and the work of other students and staff. Examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to
- the submission of a work, either in part or in whole, completed by another;
- failure to give credit for ideas, statements, facts, or conclusions that rightfully belong to another;
- paraphrasing the ideas, interpretation, or expressions of another without giving credit (i.e., providing a citation);
- in written work, failure to use quotation marks when quoting directly from another, whether it be a paragraph, a sentence, or a phrase; and
- using another writer’s whole paper or a substantial part of it, even with a citation.
What Requires a Citation
|Specific Words and Phrases
- Exact words must be enclosed in “quotation marks” and a citation must be provided with the page number(s).
- Paraphrased words must be sufficiently different from the original text.
- In either case, a citation must be given with the author’s name and date of publication.
- Numbers and percentages (e.g., GDP growth rate, population statistics, survey results, census data)
- Organizational mission statements, goals, and tasks
- Organizational performance and results
- Data from annual reports, yearbooks, and other sources
- Explanations and examples from textbooks
- Definitions of terms
- Graphs, tables, and figures
- Laws, regulations, resolutions, and decrees
- Treaties, agreements, and commitments
- Information from encyclopedias and other reference books
- Information about your country, including its institutions and economy (The fact that you know something because you live there is NOT sufficient.)
- Theories (economic, political, etc.)
- Models (econometric, mathematical, etc.)
- Classifications (categories, groupings, etc.)
- Causes of something
- Steps in a process
- Specific methods or techniques
- Characteristics of a condition (e.g., level of poverty)
- Interpretations of a fact
- Origins of a phenomenon, condition, or problem
- Extent of a problem (e.g., when you say a problem is “big”)
- Your own ideas published previously
Even when using your own words, you must cite the source.
Why Do I Need to Cite?
Many students misunderstand the role of citations in an academic paper and fear that if they cite a lot, they will appear unoriginal and silly. The opposite is, in fact, true. Citations make your arguments stronger and your writing more professional because they show that you have researched the issue and have found evidence to support your claims.
Detection of Plagiarism
The CPC uses a text-matching software to identify areas in student papers that may constitute instances of plagiarism. This software allows CPC faculty to see where text has been copied from academic and other internet sources, even if it has been altered slightly from the original.
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