Greeting by Representative

Takashi Shiraishi

 

  With the rise of emerging states like China, India, Brazil, Turkey and Indonesia, the global and regional distribution of wealth and power is changing rapidly. This is evident in the shares of developed countries and emerging states in the global economy. The share of the G7 nations in the world economy—which was roughly 65% in 1990 and 2000—dropped to 50% in 2010 and is predicted to fall to 43% by 2018. In contrast, the share of emerging states (categorized as “emerging markets” by the International Monetary Fund) increased from 20% in 1990 and 2000 to 35% in 2010 and is expected to outpace the G7 share by jumping to 44% in 2018.

   How did these states emerge? Who played, and will play, a big role in their politics, economies and societies?  What political, economic, and social changes are taking place in emerging states as a result of the global flows of capital and movements of people, rapid economic growth, and the “Americanization” of their elites and middle classes? What problems are these states facing in the cusp of rapid transformation? What are the implications of the rise of these emerging states for the global and regional order?

  Building on the key concepts of state formation, economic development, and nation-making, this research cluster aims to analyze the evolution of emerging states across regions from historical and comparative perspectives.

  A number of key texts such as Charles Tilly’s Coercion, Capital, and European States, R. Bin Wong’s China Transformed, James Mahoney’s Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective, and Crawford Young’s The African Colonial State in Comparative Perspective have provided excellent historical and theoretical overviews of state formation. Research on the so-called “developmental state”, initiated by Chalmers Johnson, has sought to account for the relationship between nation-building and economic development in East Asia since World War II. Recent attempts to understand Southeast Asian state formation from the perspective of developmental statism include Antoinette R. Raquiza’s State Structure, Policy Formation, and Economic Development in Southeast Asia and Tuong Vu’s Paths to Development in Asia.

   This research cluster revisits the debate on the developmental state by locating East Asian state formation and economic development in a broader historical and comparative perspective. The two major concerns of this research cluster are wealth and power, how they are accumulated and deployed, how they are shaped by the interplay domestic forces and international structures, how they are nested in a “world of regions” (as Peter J. Katzenstein calls it), and how they are subject to ground-level transformations that force us to rethink the basic assumptions of politics, markets, societies, and everyday life.