ESP B01Group Special Workshop Notice (3/23)
Title: Issues on demographic change in Southeast Asia
Date/ Time: March 23, 2017, from 13.30 to 15:30
Venue: GRIPS, Room 4B
1. Dr. Evi Nurvidya Arifin (Universitas Indonesia):
“Population Ageing and Economic Development in Asia”
2. Dr. Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan (Singapore Management University):
“Family Support for Older Persons in Thailand: Challenges and Opportunities”
Moderator: Dr. Jafar Suryomenggolo (GRIPS)
Dr. Evi Nurvidya Arifin, “Population Ageing and Economic Development in Asia”
The study attempts to find whether there is any association between population ageing and economic development in Asia. The finding can be used as an important step to find out any causal relationship between population ageing and economic development. It examines the existence of a stylized fact on the association, that progress in development is associated with lower fertility and mortality rates, rising percentage of older persons, larger flow of in-migration, and rising health expenditure.
It makes two important grouping of population ageing. First is the ageing countries and second, the pre-ageing countries, with the percentage of older persons (defined as persons 65 years old and older) at 7.0 % as the cut-off point. In this study, progress in development is measured by GNI per capita.
This study concludes that the stylized fact is found among ageing countries. On contrary, the stylized fact is not seen among the pre-ageing countries, particularly among those with young and very young population. Fertility and mortality follow the stylized fact, that both are associated negatively with percentage of older persons. However, in migration is not associated with the percentage of older persons in both ageing and pre-ageing countries. In-migration is positively associated with GNI per capita. Health expenditure is positively associated with percentage of older persons among ageing countries, but there is no association in the pre-ageing countries.
Dr. Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, “Family Support for Older Persons in Thailand: Challenges and Opportunities”
Population aging and the wellbeing of older persons are major emerging challenges for families, communities, and government in Thailand as in much of Asia. Traditionally, support and care for the elderly are met within the family. The state and communities typically provide limited care services for the older population. Currently, Thailand is facing demographic and socioeconomic changes that pose significant challenges for the roles that family members, especially adult children, play in providing support for the elderly.
Looking ahead, Thailand will increasingly grapple with how the state, community, and families can collaborate to provide support and caregiving for its rapidly aging population and what are appropriate and sustainable roles of each stakeholder. In order to effectively formulate policies and programs, policy makers will benefit from an evidence-based assessment of the situation of older Thais with regards to family care provision and intergenerational support. Thailand is fortunate in having a series of national surveys of the older population that detail their situation. The present analysis focuses on persons age 60 and older and draws primarily on the 2014 national Survey of Older Persons in Thailand (SOPT) but also incorporates results from earlier surveys of older persons to document national trends.
The key objective of the analysis is to empirically examine how family cares for older persons in various aspects (such as material and social support as well as personal care) and what challenges and opportunities are facing the family. This presentation is organized into the following sections: 1) demographics of aging; 2) availability of children and old-age living arrangements; 3) material support for older persons; 4) social support; 5) personal care support; 6) older persons’ contributions and; 7) discussion and conclusion.